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Football

Football

In 1900 and 1904, football was introduced as an exhibition sport and became the first team sport included in the Olympic Games. Since 1908, the sport has been held at every Olympic Games with the exception of the 1932 Los Angeles Games. Women’s fo...

golf

Golf

Golf is one of the oldest existing codified sports. The competition formats and rules date from the second half of the 18th century, and have hardly changed since. At the end of the 19th century, the first women’s tournaments were established. The...

gymnastics

Gymnastics

The ancient Greeks believed gymnastics to be the perfect symmetry between mind and body. Modern gymnastics evolved at the end of the 19th century. The term "artistic gymnastics" emerged in the early 1800s to distinguish free-flowing styles from te...

Handball

Handball

Handball is a fast-paced game involving two teams of seven players who pass, throw, catch and dribble a small ball with their hands while trying to score goals. The team with the most goals wins the game. A game consists of two 30-minute halves wi...

Hockey

Hockey

Hockey is the oldest known ball and stick game: records exist of it being played in Persia in 2000 BC. The name “hockey” probably derives from the French “hocquet”, or shepherd’s crook, and refers to the crooked stick which is used to hit a small ...

Judo

Judo

Judo is derived from Jujitsu, the hand-to-hand combat technique of ancient Samurai Warriors. It involves throwing opponents to the floor and holding them in submission. Judo is a traditional Japanese wrestling sport developed in the 1880...

Modern Pentathlon

Modern Pentathlon

The ancient pentathlon consisted of running, jumping, spear-throwing, discus and wrestling. The modern pentathlon was introduced by Baron de Coubertin at the Stockholm Games in 1912, comprising pistol shooting, fencing, swimming, horse riding and ...

Para-Sport

Para-Sport

Para-sport is sport for athletes with an impairment and has existed for more than 100 years. It was not until after World War II however, that it was widely introduced. The purpose of it at that time was to assist the large number of war...

Rowing

Rowing

Rowing is the propelling of a boat using a fixed oar as a lever. In modern sports, rowers race against each other either as individuals or in crews of two, four or eight. Rowing has been staged at all the editions of the Olympic Games, e...

Rugby

Rugby

The legend of rugby has it that, in 1823, during a football match, a student at Rugby School in Great Britain took the ball in his hands and ran over the goal line. That day, William Webb Elis invented rugby. At the end of the 19th centu...